Xian, located in the northwest province of Shaanxi of China, was called Chang’an in the ancient times and is the oldest of the Ancient Capitals of China. It is the starting point of the Silk Road and home to the famous Terracotta Army of the Qin Dynasty. The Terracotta Warriors is a collection of terracotta sculptures depicting the armies of the first Emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang, and was buried with the emperor to protect him in the afterlife.
Each warrior is unique with its own dress, face, and hair style. These figures were discovered in 1974 by local farmers, one of whom sometimes sits at the site to sign autographs. This terracotta army is part of a much larger necropolis surrounding the first Emperor’s tomb. The football field sized tomb remains unopened due to concerns of preservation. According to archaeologists, the lacquer covering the paintwork can curl in 15 seconds once exposed to the air and can flake off in just 4 mins.